The Foxearth and District Local History Society
1860-1861 Bury and Norwich Post newspaper archive

The news in Britain in 1860

January 3rd 1860

A shocking accident happened to a 9 year old boy named John Joslyn who is the son of a chimney sweep and in the employ of Mr Richold at the cocoa nut fibre factory at Melford. It appears the boy went to one of crushing machines which was in motion and caught his arm in it. All that medical skill could do was done to relieve the suffer but to no avail as he sank under in a few hours. No blame could be attached to anyone.

January 10th 1860

John Woolard and Thomas Prentice of Cavendish were charged with furious driving. They were summoned by Supt.Death who said he saw defendants driving furiously near Cavendish Hall and were abreast of each other as though racing, Prentice was driving his own horse and cart, Woolard was driving two horses and a van the property of his master Mr William Byford of Cavendish, the horses had no reins on them. Woolard fined 10s 6d and with 4s 6d costs and Prentice 6s 6d with 4s 6d costs.

January 17th 1860

Michael Collis was charged with disturbing the congregation at Bildeston, defendant said he was drunk. The prosecution decided not to offer evidence, Mr Orris said defendant was perfectly drunk and went into the Chapel and made great disturbance. The chairman said he had been kindly treated and could have been fined 40L and that everyone had a right to worship as they pleased. Discharged.

January 24th 1860

John Suttle and Arthur Clarke of Glemsford were charged with tresspassing on land in Glemsford belong to Mr William Byford. Fined £ 1 6s 3d.

February 7th 1860

William Alexander a mail cart driver from Colchester was charged for being drunk while driving from Clare to Cavendish.
Defendant said he partook of some ale with a friend. Defendant was driving when he left Clare and at Cavendish he upset his cart and broke it, another cart was lent him but he had not gone far when had another upset. When he arrived at Melford the cart was driven by someone else.
Fined 20L ? and costs of 1L 15s.

March ? 1860

The annual nuisance occurred at Sudbury on Monday and Tuesday when the greater part of the hill was blocked with stalls and shew carts with bawling men and squeaking women, while the ears of the numerous nearby residents were dinned with unmelodious sounds. For the morals of the young these fairs ought to be stopped and abolished.

March 13th 1860

On the 6th the new Baptist Chapel at Clare was opened at Clare when three sermons were preached by the Rev Collins of Grundisburgh, a dinner was provided at the Priory where a 100 people sat down and in the afternoon 300 sat down in the corn exchange. The Chapel willseat 400, the cost was 870L, 600L has been raised and the further 200L has been lent free of interest. It was designed and built by Mr Last of this town.

March 27th 1860

Joshua Hemstead of Melford was found guilty of attempted rape at Bridge Street, Melford. 9 months hard labour.

April 17th 1860

Frederick Angle and Alfred Brabrook of Cavendish were summoned by their employer Mr Pratt Vial for drunkedness. Mr Vial said I sent the two defendants with 2 horses and tumbrils each to Sudbury at 7 a.m. and they returned at © past 4 in the afternoon, Angle was drunk Brabrook was not so drunk but he reeled and used abusive language. Angle was fined 5s and Brabrook was discharged. Frederick Angle was further charged by Mr N.Barnardiston for unlawfully riding in a tumbril driving three horses without reins in Pentlow. Fined 2s 6d and 2s 6d costs.

April 24th 1860

There was an inquest at Groton Fox Inn om the body of Sarah Rice aged 5 months the child of John and Harriet Rice. Mr T.G.Gurdon, surgeon said the child had a little cough for a day or two and on Tuesday it could not get its breath and died. Natural death.

April 24th 1860

There was an inquest at the George Hotel, Cavendish, on the Celia Turp, aged three years.the daughter of a widow of this parish.
It appears that on Monday morning the child drank some hot water from the kettle on the hob while its mother was getting the dinner for her other children. Mrs Turp took it to an neighbour, Mrs Battram, having heard it was good to have a child which had been scalded or burnt, blessed. The wise woman accordingly blessed it by wiping her finger round its mouth three times but it did not change anything and the poor child died the next evening. Mr Waring, surgeon, said the child's throat was so blistered and swollen it could not swallow. Died from drinking hot water out of a kettle.

April 24th 1860

A fire broke out on a offhand farm at Stoke by Clare called Cains Hill and occupied by Mr F.Payne and owned by Mr Elwes. The house and buildings with some corn and implements were destroyed. It is supposed that a spark from a steam engine working nearby occassioned the fire.

May 8th 1860

At Bury Corn Market, per quarter. Wheat-49s. Barley-33s 1© d. Oats-21s 8© d. Beans-42s. Fat cattle-7s 6d to 8s per stone. Hoggets- 50s to 53s each. Ewes with lambs- 35s to 60 per couple. Fat hogs-dear.

May 15th 1860

At a meeting of Sudbury Town Coucil it was decided that on Tuesday next a general perambulation of the town's external boundaries should be carried out properly. The following were admitted as freemen - Thomas Green, malster of North Street, Thomas Sillitoe, plumber and glazier of Back Lane. William Must a weaver of Wigan End. Charles Joslin a weaver of Garden Row.

May 29th 1860

Nathan Nunn of Hargrave, aged 15 years was charged with stealing two duck eggs valued at 1d from Mr John Murton of Somerton. The boy was working with a thatcher on the prosecutors premises and seeing a ducks nest in the hedge took two eggs from it. The prosecutor said he did not wish to press the charge but he thought it would teach the boy a lesson and to others. The bench ordered the constable to whip the boy as a caution.

June 5th 1860

On Wednesday evening Mrs Jarman from Glemsford went to the wood hovel attached to her house, as she opened the door she something bright on the floor, she called her neighbour to come and have a look and there lay the countenance of a friend, bright gold guineas protruding from a rotten piece of paper. It appears that as she opened the door the treasure dropped from the under the thatch, they are equal to 8 guineas, 6 and 4 halves and bearing the spade of George 111. Nine pounds have been offered for the treasure. The old thatch has had some rummaging and Mrs Jarman has been dubbed a lucky woman.

June 5th 1860

The curious effect of the recent gales can be seen at the north entrance of Chadacre Hall. The aerial fluid seems akin to water in that it gathers in force in the valley and this richly wooded gorge, a plantation seen from the road the trees lie strawed about, just as when one cutteth and heweth wood upon the earth. This is on the south side, on the north side is an opening in the trees as if shot had gone in and directed to clear a passage in that direction. The firs are blown or broken off and every locality has its details of losses by this mighty invisible power.

June 26th 1860

John Argent and Arthur Collard, labourers of Cavendish, were summoned for trespassing in pursuit of game at Cavendish on land belonging to Mr J.S.Garrett. Gamekeeper Cockerton said he was watching a snare in Kimsley Wood and saw Argent take up the snare and put it in his pocket. Defendants said they went through the wood on the way to work for the nearest as the path was in common usage till Mr Garrett bought the property. Discharged with a caution.

August 7th 1860

Maria Howe of Lavenham was summoned by police Sergeant Hoggar for assaulting him. Defendant said at about 11 at night I was told by a woman that my husband was talking to another woman in the street, I saw complainant and thought it was my husband, I ran up to him and slapped his face, I am very sorry but I was excited at the time.
Fined 1s with 6s 6d costs.

September 18th 1860

There was an inquest at Lavenham Cock Inn on John Wilding a labourer of Lavenham, aged 76 years. He was last seen on Wednesday morning and had not been seen for several days, his neighbour looked for him and found him dead in the privy. Deceased had nearly 100L in the savings bank. Natural causes.

October 2nd 1860

On Tuesday last the foundation stone was laid for the new tower at Glemsford church, it was laid in the presence of a large number of clergy and gentry. There was a collection after the sermon which amounted to 45L 14s making with some previous subscriptions amounts to 345L. The contrast for the tower is 700L. The builder is Mr Fordham of Melford and Mr Johnson of Bury is the architect.

October 9th 1860

The surveyor has commenced " staking out" the new railway line to be built between Sudbury and Clare on Saturday last and there is every reason to believe that the line to Clare will be completed before this time twelvemonth. The line will run from near Cady's lane across Mr Stedman and Mr King's field, by the gasworks over Mrs Baker's meadow to the river, crossing of which will at the back of Mr Sparrow's house across the Prospect over the Marsh and by there to Borley.

October 16th 1860

Jane Curtis was summoned by Ann Potter for assaulting her at Acton on the 6th. The dispute arose between the parties about some money complainant had lost from her basket while spending largess.
By the wish of the bench the parties settled out of court.

October 16th 1860

Highly valuable estate at Acton to be sold. Messrs Blunden and Squire will sell at the Crown Inn, the well accustomed Acton Crown Inn of modern red brick erection and sash front. Comprising enterance, large club room, bar parlour, kitchen, tap room, 8 bedrooms, brewhouse, extensive cellarage, chaise house, stables and ten pin shed, malting and coomb steep, large malting and barley chambers, farmyard and buildings, barn, horse and cow sheds and piggeries. 10 acres of luxuriant arable land, small orchard. The above property is beside the road and an enterprising man will find it highly lucrative as there are no beer shops are in the neighbourhood.

October 23rd 1860

On Saturday last there was a large assemblage at Twinstead to see the opening of the new church of St John Evangelist by the bishop of Rochester. The rector the Rev H.O.Shortland with the parishioners and others have spent a large amount of money in removing the old church and erecting a handsome new church. We are unable to give account of the offertory and other particulars for our representative applied to the family at the rectory for information and although we have walked five miles on a very dirty road and waited a long time, not the least attention was was shown.

October 23rd 1860

The village of Long Melford was the scene of rejoicing on the occassion of the opening of the National School, having been only 4 months erecting it. The school which is of the Elizabethan style greatly enhances the beauty of Melford Green.

October 30th 1860

Jeremiah Norman a labourer of Cavendish for being drunk and disorderly at Cavendish was fined 15s. The bench said that the police now had a constable in the village and they were determined to support him. Isaac Wordley of Glemsford was sent to prison for 7 days at the same court for beibg drunk and riotous at Cavendish. The bench said it was the custom of the young men of Glemsford to go to the parish of Cavendish and misbehave themselves in a disorderly manner.

October 30th 1860

The 13th anniversary of the Sudbury Agricultural Society took place on the Chilton Hall Estate. There were 34 ploughs, champion was N.Gardener £ 2-J.Wright £ 1 10s-William Mingay £ 1.

November 20th 1860

Armsey Mill and Mill house to be sold.

November 20th 1860

On Saturday evening an accident happened to Tobias Wicker a fishmonger from Halstead on his returning to Halstead from Sudbury where he had been doing business. He left his pony and cart in the care of a boy but when he returned he could not find them, deceased decided to walk to home and never reached it as he was found dead in a ditch on Sunday afternoon two miles from Halstead.

December 25th? 1860

Martha Wells from Cavendish was charged with stealing 24 turnips valued at 6d from a clamp the property of Mr J.S.Garrett, the case was proved by John Cockerton the gamekeeper. 14 days prison.

The news in Britain in 1861

January 29th 1861

Susan Wells of Cavendish was summoned for stealing 40 turnips from Benjamin Deaves of Glemsford, the charge was proved by a boy, James Brown, who is in the employ of Mr Deaves, who said he saw defendant take them from a clamp with a spade. Mr Deaves said he had lost upwards of 40 bushels. The prisoner acknowledged her guilt and was sent to prison for 7 days hard labour.

April 16th 1861

The enumerators have not yet sent in their returns for the census at Sudbury but we believe we shall not be far wrong when we state that the population of Sudbury is 7000, up 1000 from the 1851 census.

April 16th 1861

The work on the extension of the railway line between Halstead and Hedingham is well advanced and it is expected that the line will be extended to the latter early this summer.

April 23rd 1861

Phospho Ammoniacal Manure composed of animalized character-night soil and salts of ammonia noted for promoting yields of quality of all grains also for top dressing grass lands and clover.
Price £ 5 10s a ton also excellent xxx and xx manure for mangolds, turnips, coleseed and all nursery grounds in bags at £ 3 10s a ton and £ 2 10s a ton delivered at Isleham Sluice, Bury, Brandon etc by water also strong sewage sludge at 20s a ton delivered free to any town or village on the rivers Ouse or Lark.

April 30th 1861

Supt.Death, the district Inspector of wei party of tinkers to Colchester where it was exchanged for 2L and a donkey by Mr Grimwood a blacksmith of Colchester where ti was found by Supt. Death of the West Suffolk police. The perpetrators of this offence have not yet been found.

May 14th 1861

William Wittle and George Smith of Melford were fined 1s for being on land at Stanstead in search of game. William Bigg the under keeper at Kentwell Hall said I saw the defendants come out of a grove called " Raising Pits" at Stanstead, I searched Wittle and found a live hen pheasant on him, Smith at that time was holding a stick over my head and threatening me.

May 21st 1861

Mary Orriss an interesting looking young woman whose husband is absent from home in the militia was charged with neglecting her work. Defendant was in the employ of Mr Stone of Sudbury and took out a " cane" which she left and went to live at Ipswich. Her mother is Harriet Downs a common prostitute. Mr Bentote, manager of Mr Stone's Sudbury factory said they had to make an example, prisoner cried a great deal and said she was sorry. The magistrate said that this practice must stop. To Bury gaol for 6 weeks.

May 25th 1861

It was decided at a meeting of Sudbury Town shopkeepers to close on Saturday evenings at 9 instead of 10 and at 4 on Wednesday afternoons the remaining evenings at 7.

July 16th 1861

Charles Murken labourer of Hundon and Robert Webb a farmer of Hundon were charged with stealing a bushel of barley from Mr T.Dennisa farmer of Clare. Murken 4 months, Webb dismissed.

July 39th 1861

To be let at Michaelmas-Balston Farm Estate-235 acres on the Melford Hall estate-part Acton part Melford.

August 20th 1861

At Sudbury County Court. John Suttle the plaintiff v William Maxim both of Glemsford. Action was for 10L damages the value of a dog alleged to have been poisoned by the defendant. Plaintiff said he lived in Glemsford and saw defendant give his dog a slice of bread when he returned the dog was dead, there had been 11 or 12 dogs poisoned in the neighbourhood. Henry Brown, a ratcatcher, said he saw the dog lying in a paralysed state and he bled it, when it died he opened her up and believed it was strychnine as he poisoned rats and knew the symptons. Mr J.Hutton, veterinary surgeon, agreed. Damages of 1L.

August 20th 1861

James Lawrence aged 11 and James Oyst aged 14 were charged with stealing turnips from Mr Henry Deeks a farmer of Melford.
Both to Bury Gaol for 21 days.

August 27th 1861

On the annual licensing day at Sudbury a licence was granted to the Prince of Wales, a new inn erected in New Road leading from North Street to The Croft.

September 3rd 1861

Mrs Bullock of Cavendish was summoned by Hannah Jasmin of Glemsford for assault whish arose from a dispute during gleaning in a field at Glemsford in occupation of Mr J.S.Garret of Cavendish. The Cavendish woman said that the Glemsford women had no right to glean there. Fined 1s with 2s 6d costs.

September 17th 1861

Messrs Blunden and Squire will sell by auction at Wales End Farm, Cavendish, by order of Mr Timothy Raymond who is quitting the farm. 12 horses-20 ewes-4 cows-20 swine.

September 17th 1861

Lord and Lady Paget have arrived at Melford Hall, their country seat, for the season.

September 17th 1861

Susan Wells of Cavendish was summoned for leaving her three children chargeable to the parish of Cavendish. She stated that the children were illegitimate and she cannot maintain them as she already had a 14 month old baby at home. 1 month hard labour.

September 21st 1861

The cottagers of Boxted held their fete on Tuesday.
The display of potatoes was most extensive, no less than 200 dozen competing for 15 prizes offered for the best 12 potatoes of any sort also for the best Regent and for the best Kidney. 36 bushels of the same roots competed for a wheel barrow offered by the Misses Halifax and 15s by Mrs Kelso also for three skips offered by Miss Poley. As an encouragement to the cottagers to grow the best variety a ton of the best Scottish Regent seed potatoes were distributed last spring to 60 cottagers by the directions of the Misses Halifax. Mr Poley also sold about the same quantity at half price and the goodness of his stock may be judged by the fact that his 5 bushels were adjudged best in tent.
Judges were Mr Fish,(Hardwicke) Mr Harris,(Bury) Mr Jolly,(Clare).

October 22nd 1861

An inquest was held at Cavendish Five Bells public house on Hannah Wells aged 36 years, the wife of James Wells. Susan Chatters deposed saying that the deceased is my sister and had not lived with her husband for 10 or 12 years. As I was coming out of the factory someone told me she was abed, I ran in and found her in bed dying, she breathed her last just as I got there. Dr Thomas Waring, surgeon, said I attended her three or four days before when she had diarrhoea, she has had several bastard children since her husband left her. There were no symptons of having taken poison to procure an abortion, she was the most dissolute subject I have ever seen, she was intemperate and had hardly a healthy organ in her body, reports that she had poisoned herself were untrue. Natural Death.

October 29th 1861

George Ellingham a weaver of Glemsford was charged with stealing 12 turnips valued at 3d the property of Benjamin Deaves of Glemsford. Prisoner said he was hungry and he pulled two turnips not 12.
Fined 6s 9d with 7 days imprisonment in default.

December 24th 1861

The rectory of Otten Belchamp has become vacant on the death of the Rev Edward Dawson M.A.. The benefice is worth 450L and is in the gift of the representatives of the late rector.

December 31st 1861

Lewis Dearsley, beerhouse keeper of the Railway Bell, Sudbury, was charged with selling beer after 11 o'clock at night on the 24th of December. P.C.Bell said he visited defendant's house and in the front parlour there were 10 men and two women, one a prostitute, the party was merry as he could hear them before he got to the house and the front door was wide open. Fined 1s with 12s 6d costs.