The Foxearth and District Local History Society
1810 Norfolk Chronicle newspaper Selections

January 6th 1810

The estate of Sir R. Kerrison, deceased, at Thorpe, was sold for £38,219. Carrow Abbey House, with 32½ acres of land, was purchased by Mr. P. M. Martineau for £2,020.

January 8th 1810

A prize fight took place at Thorpe, between Chapman and Pegg, “noted bruisers.” It ended in the defeat of Pegg, who sustained a broken jaw.

January 9th 1810

His Majesty’s ship Nemesis struck on Happisburgh Sand. On the following day her guns were thrown overboard, and she was floated off.

January 18th 1810

Died, in his 76th year, Mr. John Mitchell, of New Houghton. “His favourite mule, over 34 years old, at the request of the deceased, went in procession to the grave, and was to have been shot immediately after his return, but through the humane intercession of his granddaughter, Miss Young, the life of this excellent animal was saved, with the promise never to suffer it to be again used.” By a singular coincidence, Mr. Reynolds, surgeon, of Massingham, while in the act of attending on Mr. Mitchell, died suddenly of the same complaint to which the patient succumbed.

January 20th 1810

A reconciliation dinner was held by the corn growers and buyers at the King’s Head Inn, Norwich. Mr. Crisp Brown presided. Among the toasts were “May the Buyers and Sellers in future meet together in friendship,” and “May the enemies of reconciliation keep a cold water club by themselves.” A second dinner was held at the King’s Head on March 3rd, under the presidency of Mr. Fellowes.

January 20th 1810

(Advt.) “To be seen at the Angel Inn, Market Place, Norwich, where he will arrive this day, that most wonderful and surprising Yorkshire youth, 17 years of age, 7 ft. 6 ins. high, and who weighs upwards of 24 stones, who has had the honour to be introduced to their Majesties and the Royal Family at Windsor, where he was most graciously received and entertained.”

January 25th 1810

At a meeting of corn and coal merchants, held at the King’s Head Inn, Norwich, it was resolved, in consequence of the numerous depreciations committed on the river between Norwich and Yarmouth, not to employ any vessel after March 1st, the hatches of which were not secured by locks and iron bars. It was further resolved that every lock be sealed by the merchant before the vessel started upon its voyage.

February 1st 1810

Died, the eccentric John Fransham, of Norwich. He was well versed in Latin, Greek, and mathematics, of which for many years he was a teacher.

February 1st 1810

Died, in her 59th year, Mrs. Martineau, wife of Mr. Philip Meadows Martineau. (Mr. Martineau was re-married on February 18th, 1811, at St. Peter Permountergate Church, Norwich, by the Rev. C. Elwin, to Mrs. Somers Clarke, of Tasburgh.)

February 3rd 1810

Bagshaw’s menagerie was exhibited on the Castle Ditches, Norwich.

February 4th 1810

Died, at Gunton, in his 77th year, the Right Hon. Lord Suffield, who represented Norwich from 1756 to 1786.

February 10th 1810

Mr. and Mrs. Bowles terminated their theatrical career at Norwich Theatre, and took their farewell benefit. There was a crowded audience, and the receipt of the house amounted to £160 15s. 6d. “Equally respectable in private as in public life,” said the newspaper notice, “their success in the scholastic line will, we trust, be as flattering and substantial as that of the drama.” On March 10th, Mr. Bowles advertised the academy conducted by himself in Queen Street, Great Yarmouth. On July 27th, 1811, it was announced: “Mr. Bowles, of Yarmouth and late of the Theatre Royal, Norwich, qualified as a dissenting minister at the last Quarter Sessions.”

February 14th 1810

The East Dereham Troop of Yeomanry Cavalry presented to Capt. John Crisp a silver cup, “as a mark of respect for his conduct during the twelve years he had commanded them.”

February 20th 1810

At a general meeting of the Norfolk Agricultural Society, it was resolved to petition Parliament against the Bill for prohibiting distillation from grain.

February 22nd 1810

Died, at his house on Castle Meadow, Norwich, aged 74, Mr. William Foster, attorney. “He was a promoter of most of the public charities in the city, and the founder of many of them.”

February 24th 1810

“A farm near Norwich, belonging to the Corporation, and containing not more than 77 acres of profitable land, was lately hired at the astonishing sum of £263 per annum; and the tithes, being all arable land, have long been 7s. 6d. per acre.”

February 28th 1810

This day was observed as one of solemn fast and humiliation. At Norwich, “nearly all the shops were shut up, and Divine service performed at all the churches. The market was held on Tuesday, instead of Wednesday.”

March 3rd 1810

“There is now living at Oxburgh, in this county, William Durrant, a gardener, who yearly eats 1,095 red herrings, chews 18 lbs. of tobacco, and, to give his nose pleasure, takes 365 ozs. of snuff. The total sum of tobacco, snuff, and red herrings is £13 18s. 10d.”

March 3rd 1810

(Advt.) “A main will be fought at the Fleece Inn, Wells, on Monday and Tuesday, the 19th and 20th inst., between the gentlemen of Norfolk and Wells. To show 31 cocks and 10 byes, and to fight for 10 gs. the battle and 100 the odd; to make four in goes. Feeders: Fisher for Norfolk, Lamb for Wells.”

March 10th 1810

“During the last eleven months, the period of Miss Harriett Howell’s visits to this city, three schools have been established in Norwich, in which no fewer than 294 children are now educated on the plan advocated by Mr. J. Lancaster.”

March 10th 1810

“A drover, near Norwich, has attended the market at Smithfield for 25 years, in which time he has ridden on those journeys alone 126,000 miles.”

March 10th 1810

A court martial was held on his Majesty’s ship Utile on a seaman belonging to the Désirée, “at his own request,” for striking an officer and using mutinous language. He was sentenced to death.

March 19th 1810

At the Norfolk Assizes, held at Thetford, Thomas William Middleton, for embezzling money the property of Messrs. Gurney and Co., by whom he was employed as clerk, at Fakenham, was sentenced to 14 years’ transportation.

March 19th 1810

The panorama, by Serries, of the town and port of Boulogne “with the flotilla, designed to invade this country, at anchor in the outer road,” was exhibited at Harper’s Pantheon, Norwich.

March 22nd 1810

Died in St. Peter Mancroft, Norwich, aged 57, Nathaniel Eastaugh, the common crier, and one of the Mayor’s beadles, “who except one year held the bell from 1780 up to the time of his death.” He was succeeded by Anthony Bailey.

March 23rd 1810

Mr. Joseph Lancaster visited Norwich, and at the Theatre gave lectures on his system of education. At a meeting at the Guildhall on April 17, a free school for boys, on Mr. Lancaster’s plan, was established by public subscription.

March 23rd 1810

Died in St. Peter Mancroft, Norwich, aged 72, David Kinnebrook, for 40 years master of one of the charity schools, “who never till his last illness absented himself from the school for a single day.”

March 24th 1810

A large meeting of landowners, occupiers, and Scottish drovers was held at the Rampant Horse Inn, to discuss the right of the Corporation of Norwich to levy tolls upon cattle sold or exhibited for sale at the weekly mart on the Castle Hill. A deputation waited upon the Mayor and the Market Committee, and on April 11th a further meeting, presided over by Sir James Beevor, was held for the purpose of defending any action that might be brought by the Corporation to recover tolls.

April 3rd 1810

For the benefit of the Norwich Theatrical Fund, a performance of “The English Fleet in the year 1342,” and of “the grand seriocomic pantomime, called ‘Don Juan, or the Libertine destroyed,’” was given at the Theatre Royal.

April 12th 1810

Died, aged 60, Mr. Thomas Barber, attorney, 27 years secretary of the Norfolk and Norwich Hospital.

April 19th 1810

Tombland Fair took place. It was stated to be customary on the occasion of this annual event for military bands to play in the Upper Close, which was used as a fashionable promenade. The bands of the 5th Dragoon Guards and the Wiltshire Militia were present on this occasion.

April 23rd 1810

The Norwich, Aylsham, and Cromer coach commenced running from 21, Lobster Lane, Norwich, to the Red Lion Inn, Cromer. It left Norwich on Mondays, Wednesdays, and Fridays, and returned on Tuesdays, Thursdays, and Saturdays. The proprietor was Mr. W. Spanton.

April 28th 1810

(Advt.) “Cocking. A main will be fought at the Maid’s Head Inn, Norwich, on the 14th and 15th days of May next, between the gentlemen of Norfolk and the gentlemen of Ipswich, to show 27 mains for six guineas a battle and 100 guineas the odd; likewise six byes and two turn-outs for five guineas a battle, to make four in goes. A pair of cocks in the pit precisely at 12 o’clock. Feeders: Lamb for Norfolk, Smith for Ipswich.”

April 30th 1810

A rare fish called the Opah or King-fish (Chætodes of Linnæus) was found on Mundesley beach.

April 30th 1810

Mr. Patteson presented in the House of Commons a petition from the Mayor, Alderman, and Justices of Norwich, against the Bill to alter, explain, and amend the laws in force respecting bread, and for better regulating the mode of setting the price thereof out of London. The petition stated that the proposed Bill would add 4s. to the then allowance of 12s. for every quarter of wheat, and the baker for his labour, salt, &c., which would tend to raise the price of bread. The magistrates had consulted the master and wardens of the Norwich Bakers’ Company, who declared that the bakers were perfectly satisfied with the mode of regulating the assize and with the allowance of 12s. per quarter.

May 2nd 1810

At the Norfolk Quarter Sessions, a man named Stebbing, of Wymondham, was indicted for using seditious language in the presence of several persons, some of whom were Militia men. The prisoner was alleged to have asserted that “if Buonaparte would come he would be the first man to join him” and that “Buonaparte was a better man to his country than King George was to this.” The jury, “to the surprise of the whole court,” returned a verdict of not guilty, “and several gentlemen on the bench expressed their strongest reprobation.” Sergt. Money, of the Militia, one of the principal witnesses for the prosecution, was afterwards appointed to an ensigncy in the 4th Garrison Battalion.

May 10th 1810

The Victory, 100 guns, Vice-Admiral Sir J. Saumarez, and seven other sail of the line, sailed from Yarmouth for the Baltic.

May 16th 1810

The First Eastern Regiment of the Local Militia, commanded by Lord Suffield, assembled at Aylsham and marched thence to Yarmouth for 20 days’ training. The dates and places of assembly of the other regiments were as follow:—2nd Eastern Regiment, Col. Patteson, Norwich, May 22nd; 1st Western Regiment, Col. Petre, Norwich, May 17th; 2nd Western Regiment, Col. Edmund Wodehouse, Lynn, May 21st; 3rd Western Regiment, Col. Chad, Swaffham, May 10th, whence they marched to Norwich. In consequence of insufficiency of accommodation at Norwich, three companies of the 3rd Western Regiment marched to Dereham, where the course of training was completed.

May 19th 1810

“One day last week, a young woman, of Dereham, being strongly attached to a soldier in the 24th Regiment of Foot, resolved to follow him to the wars, and habiting herself in man’s attire enlisted by mistake into the 54th Regiment of Foot recruiting in Norwich. Her sex was discovered and her intentions frustrated.”

May 20th 1810

Died in London, aged 81, the Right Hon. Charles Lord Bayning, of Honingham Hall, a Privy Councillor, and High Steward of Great Yarmouth. He was succeeded by his son, the Hon. Charles Frederick Pawlett Townshend.

May 28th 1810

The birthday of William Pitt was celebrated by the members of the Castle Corporation, Norwich, and other gentlemen to the number of 130, in Mr. Bailey’s great room.

June 2nd 1810

(Advt. ) “A stage waggon sets out from the warehouse, Tombland, Norwich, every Friday evening, and arrives at Bury every Saturday, returning from Bury every Wednesday, and arrives at Norwich early on Friday morning. The London waggons through Cambridge every Tuesday and Friday. The Yorkshire waggons come regularly twice a week.” (Messrs. Marsh were the proprietors of the Norwich waggons. A similar service of waggons was also run at about this date by Mack, of Norwich. )

June 4th 1810

The King’s birthday was observed as usual. “The prisoners of the city gaol return thanks to the Mayor and Corporation for the excellent dinner of roast beef and plum puddings, with plenty of strong ale. Likewise to numerous unknown passengers for their gifts to the box which is carried about every Saturday afternoon by a man appointed by the court to attend on them. And they humbly request the charitably disposed to put their contributions into the box themselves, which is locked up by the governor, and its contents equally distributed by him. They have also another box outside the gaol which is opened every quarter.”

June 4th 1810

Died at his house in Pall Mall, aged 60, the Right Hon. William Windham, of Felbrigg. Three days before the event he predicted that he would expire on the King’s birthday. He represented Norwich in three successive Parliaments—from 1784 to 1802. The remains of the deceased statesman arrived in Norwich on their way to Felbrigg on the 10th. The body lay in state at the Maid’s Head Inn until the morning of the 11th, when the journey to Felbrigg was resumed, and the funeral took place there in the afternoon. In the funeral procession at the church was “a man bearing a false coffin.”

June 5th 1810

A cricket match was played between the Norwich Club and the officers of the Wiltshire Regiment, on the Town Close ground, Norwich. Norwich, 134; Wiltshire Regiment, 49-43. The return match was played on the same ground on the 14th. Norwich, 71-150; Wiltshire Regiment, 57-53.

June 10th 1810

At the burial of a woman, named Bumpstead, at Thurlton, “it was not a little singular that the husband and an ass walked to church next the corpse, and also back again to the house, as chief mourners.”

June 11th 1810

A prize fight took place at Limpenhoe between John Green, of Beighton, and David William Rushmer, of Thurlton. “In the first seven rounds the latter received seven knock-down blows; but in the eighth he gave the other such a violent blow that he knocked him out of time and won.”

June 16th 1810

“Mr. Alderman Yallop, of Norwich, is the fortunate holder of an eighth of the ticket, 1,537, which drew a prize of £1,000 on Friday last. This is the fourth capital prize Mr. Yallop has had a share of in the different lotteries.”

June 19th 1810

Guild-day at Norwich. The Mayor, Mr. John Steward, entertained 750 guests at dinner at St. Andrew’s Hall, and 400 attended the ball at Chapel Field House, where dancing was kept up until two o’clock next morning. “Several friends of conviviality kept the jovial spirit alive at the hall till after that late or rather early hour.”

June 25th 1810

Holkham Sheep Shearing commenced. One of the implements exhibited was “a fumigating machine on two wheels which, in turning, worked a pair of bellows that blew into an iron cylinder filled with burning sulphur, and shavings or sawdust, and perforated at the bottom, which, when pushed over the land, suffocated the turnip flies, cankers, &c., or caught them on a tarred cover fixed over the head of the cylinder.” This remarkable contrivance was exhibited by a Mr. Plenty, of London.

July 16th 1810

A cricket match was played on the Town Close ground, Norwich, between eight of the Norwich Club and thirteen of the Wiltshire Regiment. Wiltshire Regiment, 72-78; Norwich, 32-69.

July 20th 1810

A cricket match, for 50 guineas a side, was played at Swaffham, between the Norwich and Swaffham clubs. Norwich, 42-26; Swaffham, 67. The return match took place on the Town Close ground, Norwich, on August 20th. Norwich, 35-51; Swaffham, 55-30.

July 25th 1810

Mr. Alderson, the City Steward, entertained the Common Council of Norwich at dinner at his house in St. Helen’s. The Commons returned the compliment by entertaining the Steward at the Maid’s Head Inn the following week.

July 26th 1810

Died, aged 70, the Rev. William Sheepshanks, rector of Ovington, and Prebendary of Carlisle. He had been tutor to Lord Ellenborough, Sir S. Lawrence, the Bishop of Lincoln, &c., and was the intimate friend of Dr. Paley.

July 29th 1810

Died in his 73rd year, Mr. John Crisp, of East Dereham, attorney, clerk to the magistrates, the commissioners, the deputy lieutenants, &c. He was captain of the Dereham Yeomanry Cavalry, and his remains were interred with military honours, at Shipdham, his native place.

August 2nd 1810

Earl Moira and the Countess of Loudon arrived at Cromer for the bathing season, and on the following day witnessed a demonstration of the capabilities of Capt. Manby’s life-saving apparatus.

August 3rd 1810

At a special meeting of the Norwich Corporation it was resolved “that, having taken into consideration a paper called ‘Roope’s Weekly Letters,’ No. 9, and being of opinion that it contains gross libellous matter against Thomas Back, Esq., late Chief Magistrate, this assembly direct a prosecution.” On August 18th a meeting of freemen was held to take such measures “as will best ensure the election of Mr. Roope as Sheriff for the ensuing year.” It was announced on August 25th that Mr. Mills, of Thetford, had been “persuaded” to discontinue printing the “Weekly Letters.” At the election of Sheriff on August 28th, Roope was put in nomination in opposition to Mr. Troughton. The latter was returned with 625 votes to the former’s 313. Roope afterwards challenged the City Steward, Mr. Alderson, to fight a duel, in consequence of his having called him a rascal as he was leaving the court after the election. An information was laid against Roope for endeavouring to incite Alderson to commit a breach of the peace; and at the Quarter Sessions on October 2nd, application was made that his recognisances of £100 in respect of the libel case be estreated on the ground of his having committed a fresh breach of the peace by public comments on Mr. Alderson’s conduct. He was ordered to enter into fresh recognisances, himself in £200 and to find two sureties of £100 each, and to keep the peace towards Mr. Alderson and the public generally. At the Quarter Sessions on January 15th, 1811, the defendant, for inciting Mr. Alderson to fight a duel, was fined 40s. and sentenced to one month’s imprisonment. On June 29th Roope appeared before the Court of King’s Bench for the libel on Mr. Back, and was committed to the custody of the Marshal for three months, and ordered to find sureties for his good behaviour. Roope died, in his 37th year, on July 4th, 1812. “He sustained a lingering illness of nearly four months with a resignation and fortitude highly exemplary, and met the approach of his last moments with the utmost composure, leaving a widow and five young children.”

August 3rd 1810

A trotting match took place between the celebrated horse Shales, the property of Mr. John Chamberlain, of Magdalene, and Driver, owned by Mr. Reuben West, of Gaywood. They started from the South Gates, Lynn, at six o’clock, and trotted to the ninth milestone on the Swaffham road and back. At the expiration of an hour Shales had trotted 17 miles, beating the other by about 1½ miles, “with the greatest of ease, notwithstanding that he was the smaller horse and carried two stone more weight than the other.” The stakes amounted to £200.

August 6th 1810

At Wroxham Water Frolic about one hundred sail of boats were present.

August 22nd 1810

Mr. Chalmers, a comedian of considerable merit, and formerly a member of the Norwich Company, was found speechless upon the doorstep of a house in Worcester. He was removed to the infirmary, where he died.

August 27th 1810

A cricket match was played on Hardingham Common between the gentlemen of Norwich and Swaffham. Norwich, 32-72; Swaffham, 143.

August 29th 1810

Died at Lynn, aged 85, Mrs. Middleton, “who resided 83 years in the house in which she died.”

August 30th 1810

The Norwich Cricket Club played a match against the Wiltshire Regiment. Norwich, 88-93; Wiltshire Regiment, 73-92.

September 7th 1810

Died at Cambridge, Mr. James Bunn, miniature painter, formerly of the Pantheon and Gardens, Norwich, and for many years a performer in the Norwich Company of Comedians.

September 15th 1810

(Advt.) “Cocking.—To be fought on Thursday and Friday, the 20th and 21st inst., a main of cocks, Yarmouth against Beccles. Feeders: Danes for Yarmouth, Caisey for Beccles. Seven battles each night; five guineas a battle and ten guineas the odd. All cocks to be pitted at seven o’clock precisely each night at Cooper’s bowling-green, North Quay, Yarmouth.”

September 21st 1810

Died, at Earsham Park, aged 71, Mr. Joseph Windham, distinguished as a scholar and antiquary.

September 23rd 1810

Died, aged 71, Mr. John Herring, of Norwich. He served the office of Sheriff in 1786, was elected alderman October 20, 1798, and Mayor in the following year. He introduced a scheme for the employment of workhouse children in spinning wool, by which many hundreds of pounds were annually raised by them. It was during Mr. Herring’s mayoralty that the British troops returned from the disastrous expedition to Holland, and for his humane treatment of them he received the thanks of Government.

September 29th 1810

Mr. Francis Morse and Mr. Thomas Troughton were sworn into office as Sheriffs of Norwich. “Mr. Morse appeared in his shooting dress, namely a short coat, leather breeches, &c., and on the Steward proceeding, as usual, to invest him with the gold chain he refused to put on what he termed ‘a bauble’; nor would he wear the gown, he said, unless it was absolutely necessary. Mr. Steward Alderson observed that his refusal seemed to convey some little disrespect to the court. Mr. Morse disavowed any individual disrespect, and said he would perform his office irrespective of outward forms. He denied having assumed the office. It was forced upon him in the expectation of obtaining a fine of £80, as he was convinced there was not a gentleman on the Bench who believed when the precept was sent to him that he would serve the office.”

October 5th 1810

Grand musical performances were given at St. Andrew’s Church, Norwich, on this and the following day. The principal vocal performers were Mr. Phillips, of the Lyceum, Mr. Clouting, and Miss Booth. Mr. Fish was leader of the band, and Mr. Beckwith was at the organ. The first part of the programme consisted of selections from “Judas Maccabeus,” part two of the “Messiah,” and part three of a miscellaneous selection. On Saturday evening, the 6th, a miscellaneous concert was given at the Theatre.

October 11th 1810

Died at Fulham, aged 73, Mr. Nathaniel Kent, land agent, and compiler of “The Agricultural Report of Norfolk.”

October 17th 1810

The first division of the West Norfolk Militia, commanded by Capt. Barnham, and on the following day the second division, commanded by Major Custance, passed through Norwich on their route to Yarmouth after nearly seven months’ duty over the French prisoners at Norman Cross.

October 18th 1810

Died at Southbergh, near Hingham, Mrs. Ann Smyth, “one of the nominees in the Irish Tontine established by Act of Parliament in 1773.”

October 25th 1810

The 51st anniversary of his Majesty’s accession was celebrated in Norwich by the ringing of bells and by a military demonstration.

November 2nd 1810

During a severe gale many vessels were lost on the Norfolk coast. “The beach from Wells to Yarmouth, covered with wrecks and strewed with the bodies of unfortunates washed ashore, presented a scene of calamity not easy to describe.” Another gale and high tide occurred on the 10th. Capt. Manby’s life-saving apparatus was instrumental in rescuing 18 seamen.

November 12th 1810

Gustavus Adolphus, ex-King of Sweden, travelling under the title of Count Gottorp, arrived at Yarmouth from the Baltic on board the Tartarus sloop, Capt. Mainwaring. He landed under a Royal salute, and at once set out for London with Capt. Mainwaring. The ex-King sailed from Yarmouth on his return to the Continent on March 28, 1811.

November 13th 1810

The bells of the Norwich churches were tolled from seven p.m. to nine p.m. on the occasion of the burial of the Princess Amelia at Windsor.

November 17th 1810

“In the parish of Pulham Market are now living five men whose united ages amount to 436 years, and what is extraordinary is the five men now go to daily labour.”

November 17th 1810

Died, aged 58, Edward Castleton. “He was the lineal descendant of Sir William Castleton, of Hingham, created a baronet in 1641. He died a bachelor and never assumed the title. For many years he followed the very humble employment of breeches maker in Lynn, and latterly lived on a small patrimonial allowance.”

November 21st 1810

A cause of divorce and separation promoted by Mrs. Beevor against her husband, came on for further hearing in the Court of Arches, Doctors’ Commons, when, Mrs. Beevor having declared that she should proceed no further, the court dismissed the suit.

December 1810

This year was passed an Act for the better paving, lighting, cleansing, and watching of Great Yarmouth, for removing nuisances and annoyances therein, and for making other improvements in the town.

December 8th 1810

At the Norwich Court of Mayoralty the Rev. Edward Valpy, B.D., second master of Reading School, and rector of Stanford Dingley, in Berkshire, was elected by the casting vote of the Mayor, headmaster of the Free Grammar School, Norwich. The other candidate was the Rev. John Clarke, M.A., Ingham.

December 15th 1810

Died, aged 79, at Mortlake, Mrs. Coke, of Hanover Square, London, mother of Mr. T. W. Coke, of Holkham.

December 22nd 1810

Norwich Market was “glutted” with turkeys. “The same fowls for which in the morning 14d. per pound was asked, in the afternoon when the last coaches were going away 9d. per pound would have gladly been taken. At one coach office 800 hampers were received. Twelve carriages were laden with poultry and game, and each carriage was drawn by six horses, and having 10 stages 60 horses were employed by every coach, which will amount to the astonishing number of 720 horses to draw poultry, sausages, and game sent within three days from this city to the Metropolis.”

December 25th 1810

The Mayor and Corporation of Norwich attended service at the Cathedral on “the feast of the Nativity, commonly called Christmas Day.” In the afternoon “most of the churches and chapels were lighted up and decorated with holly and evergreens, according to antient custom.”